The first view takes your breath away. Ngorongoro is a huge caldera collapsed volcano, 250 square kilometers and 23 kilometers wide. The crater has an average depth of 600 meters. Its spectacular setting and abundance of wildlife combine to make it a wonder of the natural world. The crater alone has over 20,000 large animals including some of Tanzania’s last remaining black rhino. Animals are free to leave or enter the crater but most of them stay because of the plentiful water and food available on the crater floor throughout the year. For the best viewing and photography, approach the animals slowly and quietly for the best and memorable photos.
This open grassland covers most of the floor. Grass fees most of the 20,000 large grazing animals mainly wildebeest, zebra, buffalo and gazelles and many smaller ones such as mice and grasshoppers. All these animals in the turn support large predators such as lions, hyenas smaller ones such as jackals and birds of prey.
This soda lake is filled by the munge river. It is a great attractions for flamingoes and other water birds which come to feed here. Predators hide in the marsh to ambush the large animals that come to drink from the pools and river. In the sever dry season, the lake often dries up completely.
Leral ‘ is a maasai word for yellow barked acacia or fever tree. The small forest patches on the crater floor, are homes to monkeys, baboons, bushbucks, elephants and rhinos.
Most of the large animals in the crater depend on swamps for fresh water and reserve food supplies. Elephants feed on the giant sedges and hippos wallow in the pools. Smaller creatures such as frogs, and several cats find food and shelter in the tall grass.